Karnataka - State Profile
Karnataka is a state in South West India. It was created on 1 November 1956, with the passage of the States Reorganization Act, which is celebrated annually as Karnataka Rajyotsava (English: Formation Day). Originally known as the State of Mysore, it was renamed Karnataka in 1973. It is the land of the Kannadigas, Tuluvas, Konkanis and Kodavas. The capital and largest city is Bangalore, also known as Bengaluru, which is at the forefront of the rapid economic and technological development that India is experiencing.
Karnataka, India's eighth largest state, with an area of about 1,91,791 sq. kms is occupying 5.35 per cent of the total geographical area of the country. It is located in the southern part of the country and situated between south-western part of the Indian sub-continent 11"31' and 18"45' north latitudes and 74" 12' and 78"40' east 120 longitudes. The state is bounded by Maharashtra and Goa state in the north and north-west; by the Arabian sea in the west; by Kerala and Tamilnadu state in the south and by the state of Andrapradesh in the east. The state extends to about 750 Kms from north to south and about 200 Kms from East to west.
The state has three principal geographical zones:
- ) The Coastal region of Karavali
- ) The Hilly Malenadu region comprising the Western Ghats
- ) The Bayaluseeme region comprising the plains of the Deccan Plateau